ac|tive [ `æktıv ] adjective ***
▸ 1 doing many activities
▸ 2 making something happen
▸ 3 operating/working
▸ 4 of a volcano
▸ 5 producing a reaction
▸ 6 in grammar
1. ) someone who is active does a lot of different activities and has a lot of energy and interests:
People are remaining active into later life.
a ) very involved in the work of an organization or with a particular activity:
active member: He is an active member of the American Cancer Society.
active in: She continues to be active in politics.
b ) used about someone's mind:
meditation techniques to keep the mind active and alert
c ) used about activities and periods of time:
We had a very active weekend.
2. ) doing things to make something happen, instead of just hoping that it will happen:
There are already active discussions going on.
Active steps are being taken to calm the situation.
a ) used for emphasizing that something is practical or enthusiastic:
active involvement/participation/support
b ) used for emphasis generally:
She had taken an active dislike to the work.
3. ) operating or working in a particular area or at a particular time:
Pickpockets are known to be active in the area.
a ) doing a particular activity:
sexually active (=having sex): sexually active young women
b ) an active electrical system is working:
The burglar alarm becomes active ten seconds after you set it.
4. ) an active VOLCANO is likely to ERUPT (=explode and pour out fire) at any time. When a volcano no longer does this it is extinct.
5. ) SCIENCE producing a chemical or BIOLOGICAL reaction:
Surfactants are the active ingredient in detergents.
6. ) LINGUISTICS an active verb or sentence has the person or thing doing the action as the SUBJECT. You hurt me is an active sentence.
─ compare PASSIVE

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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